The Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia, Ljubomir Joveski, was born on 03.01.1954 in the village of Dolgaec, Prilep. He completed his secondary education at the Gymnasium “Cvetan Dimov” in Skopje and graduated from the Faculty of Law at “Ss. Cyril and Methodius University” – Skopje in 1978. He passed the bar exam in 1983.
According to his professional biography, Joveski has more than 15 years of experience as a judge in cases comprising criminal matters, more than 12 years of experience as a public prosecutor and 7 years of experience in the field of enforcement of criminal sanctions.
After graduating, he was employed by the Republican Secretariat for Justice in 1979, where, after his apprenticeship, he started working as a clerk, a senior clerk and later as an advisor-inspector in the Sector for Execution of Criminal Sanctions. During the same period he worked as a Secretary of the Council for Execution of Criminal Sanctions, Secretary of the Commission for Conditional Release of Convicts, President of the Commission for Professional Examination in the Security Service in the Penitentiary and Correctional Institutions and as Secretary of the Bar Examination Committee.
On 09.11.1987 Joveski was elected as a judge at the Municipal Court Skopje 2, and in 1995 and 1996 he exercised the office of a Deputy President of the Court. As of 02.07.1996 he acted in the capacity of President, and then he was elected as President of the Basic Court Skopje 2 for a four-year term. As a judge he acted on cases from within the criminal field.
He was elected Deputy Public Prosecutor of the Public Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of North Macedonia on 10.04.2003 and on 15.04.2009 he was elected Public Prosecutor of the very Public Prosecutor’s Office. He held this post until he was elected from among public prosecutors as a member of the Council of Public Prosecutors of the Republic of North Macedonia on 23.12.2015.
With respect to his other activities, he was President of the Management Board of the Academy for Judges and Public Prosecutors for some time, within two terms of office he was a member of the Presidency of the Association of Penology in the Republic of North Macedonia, and within one term of office he was president of this association. In addition, he was also President of the Assembly of the Association for Criminal Law and Criminology of the Republic of North Macedonia for a while.
He participated in several work groups charged with drafting laws in the field of judiciary, such as the Criminal Code, laws on the criminal procedure, prosecution and court related laws, laws related to the Academy for Judges and Public Prosecutors, offences, enforcement of sanctions, the Council of Public Prosecutors and other.
In addition to this, Joveski has participated in workshops and counsellings in the country and abroad, where he has given speeches in the field of juvenile delinquency in the Republic of North Macedonia and in relation to the grounds for detention, the education of convicts while serving their sentence and judicial supervision over the execution of the imprisonment sentence.
Ljubomir Joveski was elected as Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia on 25.12.2017.
The Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia is an official appointed by the Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia, upon a proposal of the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia, for a term of six years with a right to be reappointed. He/she is accountable for his/her work and the work of his/her public prosecutor’s office to the Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia.
The conditions to be fulfilled by anyone willing to become Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia are: to be an able-bodied citizen of the Republic of North Macedonia with good general health condition, to be proficient in the Macedonian language, to have obtained a Bachelor’s Degree and to have passed the Bar Exam in the Republic of North Macedonia, as well as to have work experience of at least eight years after passing the bar exam, with proven law related results, or to be a full-time / part-time university professor who has been teaching law related subject from the judicial practice for more than ten years.
The Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia represents the Public Prosecutor’s Office, manages its work and exercises the rights and obligations provided by law. He/she is responsible for the general state of affairs regarding the organization and execution of the functions of the Public Prosecutor’s Office, issues general obligatory instructions in writing to higher public prosecutors, the basic public prosecutor dealing with prosecution of organized crime and corruption and basic public prosecutors in connection with undertaking measures and activities for protection of the fundamental rights and freedoms of people and citizens, the interests of the State and other legal entities, in direction of a more effective detection and prosecution of crimes and their perpetrators as well as in direction of a lawful determination of facts and law application. According to the law, the Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia may undertake criminal prosecution and undertake other actions that are in competence of a higher, basic or basic public prosecutor dealing with prosecution of organized crime and corruption, or may authorize them to conduct proceedings in relation to certain cases or undertake other actions that are under the competence of another public prosecutor.
At the beginning of each calendar year, the Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia adopts an Annual Work Schedule and submits an Annual Report on the performance of the public prosecutor’s offices and the state of crime in the Republic of North Macedonia.
The Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia submits a request to the Constitutional Court of the Republic of North Macedonia for initiating an assessment of the compliance of a law with the Constitution or the compliance of other bylaws with the Constitution and the existing laws, should issues of constitutionality and legality arise in the course of the work of the Public Prosecutor’s Office.
In case of termination of the office or dismissal of the Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia, the Council of Public Prosecutors of the Republic of North Macedonia shall assign a Public Prosecutor from among public prosecutors of the Republic of North Macedonia to exercise the function until the appointment of a Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia.
15 public prosecutors have exercised the office of Public Prosecutor of the Republic of North Macedonia since 1944.